The Electrical and Electronics, construction and automotive industries are the biggest industries in Malaysia.
Malaysia’s economy ranks in the fourth position in terms of size in Southeast Asia, while globally it is 38th. The reason for the higher ranking in Southeast Asia is that the country has workers who are more productive because of better education, better technology, and having knowledge-based industries. In fact, reports from 2017 show that regarding competitiveness, the Malaysian economy is position 23 in the world. This statistic is in stark contrast to neighboring countries such as Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and others.
Due to the advancements in the crucial industrial sector, the country has been able to develop a highly diversified and robust market. For example, in 2015, the value of exports stood at $57.258 billion. Recently, in 2017, the World Bank reported that the nation’s income per capita was 10,620 nominal US Dollars.
List of Major Industries in Malaysia
In total, the industrial sector of Malaysia accounted for more than a third (around 36.8%) of the nation’s GDP in 2014. As of 2012, the sector employed almost 40% of the Malaysian labor force. The highest contributors from this sector are the Electronics industry, the Construction industry, and the Automotive industry. Some of the major industries in Malaysia are:
Electrical and Electronics Industry
The electrical and electronics (E&E) sector is the number one contributor to the manufacturing industry in Malaysia. Data shows that the sector accounted for about 32.8% of the total exports in 2013 while providing employment to about 27.2% of the total workforce in the same year. The E&E sector is responsible for fulfilling the insatiable need that the world has for technological equipment like mobile devices, storage devices, optoelectronics, and embedded technologies.
Within the larger sector of the E&E industry, there is a smaller sector that specializes in the production of electrical components. Under this smaller sector, the production includes things like semiconductor gadgets, printed circuits, passive components, and a few other things. In this sub-sector, the leading industry in the export business for the larger E&E sector is the one for semiconductor devices. In 2013, this sub-sector accounted for about 47% of the total exports from the E&E sector. So far, the nation is a major hub for global firms, which are more than 50. Some of the notable names that have branches there include Intel, AMD, ASE, Texas Instruments, and others. Firms that have Malaysia owners in this sub-sector include the likes of Globetronics, Green Packet, and a few others.
Another sub-sector under the larger E&E industry is the one for the manufacturing solar equipment (Photovoltaics). In 2013, the total production of solar cells, solar panels, and solar wafers reached a whopping 4,042 MW. A year later, in 2014, Malaysia was third, behind the EU and China, in terms of production of photovoltaic equipment. The majority of global firms involved in this sub-sector have major branches in Malaysia. These companies include the likes of First Solar (over 2,000 MW capacity situated in Kulim), Hanwha Q Cells (1,100 MW capacity situated in Cyberjaya), and SunPower (1400 MW capacity located in Malacca). Other companies include Panasonic, Jinko Solar, JA Solar, and a few others.
The relatively large industry is worth well over $32 billion. The erection of non-residential buildings contributed the largest share at 34.6%. This share was closely followed by the civil engineering sub-sector with 30.6%, then by residential building with 29.7%, and special trades with 5.1%.
Looking at the states of Malaysia, the highest value of construction undertakings was recorded in the state of Selangor with a contribution of 24.5%. The state of Johor is second with 16.5%, followed by Kuala Lumpur with 15.8%, then Sarawak with 8.6%, and then Penang with 6.4%. In total, these top five states accounted for just over 70% of the total worth of construction projects in Malaysia.
The major capital expenditure projects have been one of the driving forces behind the expansion of this sector in Malaysia. Other key factors are government efforts and mega-projects between the public and private sectors such as Iskandar Malaysia, KVMRT, and Tun Razak Exchange.
This industry is well developed with a total of 27 producers of vehicles and a total of 640 manufacturers of automotive components or parts. In Southeast Asia, the industry is the third largest while it ranks in the 23rd position on a grander global scale. In a single year, the sector churns out well over half a billion vehicles. About 4% (around $9 billion) of the total Malaysian GDP comes from this sector, which is responsible for the provision of employment of more than 700,000 Malaysians from all over the nation.
Historically, this sector has been in existence since the time when the British colonized the area. Established in 1967, the sector was aimed at promoting industrialization on a national scale in the country. The government has put in a lot of effort since the 1980s to ensure that the sector developed properly. Some of the efforts included the establishment of a national car company known as Proton. In the early 1990s, the government established another car company known as Perodua.
With the establishment of the two previously mentioned car companies, Malaysia became the first nation in Southeast Asia to have an indigenous automotive firm. Further history for Malaysia was made in 2002 after Proton made Malaysia the 11th country in the globe to manufacture cars from the start to the finish. Essentially, this involves coming up with a design for the car, engineering the car, and finally manufacturing. Joint venture companies also exist between the locals and foreign investors. While the sector mainly services the local populace, the number of exports to other countries has been steadily going up every year.
There is an increasing trend in the growth of the manufacturing sector in Malaysia. Last year, the sector contributed 23% to GDP while production grew by 6.1% and sales value by 13.7% respectively. And all these numbers can be translated into one thing – more jobs.
Banking and Finance Industry
The banking and finance industry has always been top of the list and now it is even more popular as digital technology plays a huge role in the industry. As a result, there are more demands for skilled people, not only with a banking and finance background but also of those with IT knowledge. Also, the requirement for more control and regulation resulted in growing demand in compliance and audit roles in this industry.
Nowadays, almost everything runs on IT. Things like mobile internet and cloud technology on the boom. Those with a digital background will find their demand increasing, whether it is for data analysis, cybersecurity, coding and more. You can even get a job in a non-IT sector as every sector is going the digital way.
Food business is another lucrative Industrial sector in Malaysia. In 2020, it will play host to the growth of the food delivery industry as the number of people who have started to choose to get the food delivered home have increased. This has made food delivery a profitable business which seems to be booming.
Have look on top food companies in Malaysia.
Media outlets have, in an effort to digitalize themselves, have changed the way they deliver news and information to the people. They are incorporating IT into their daily routine so that they stay relevant in this business environment. Those having the relevant knowledge will be high in demand and this makes working in the media a very attractive option.
These industries are showing huge potential and are set to one of the top important industries in 2020.
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